Phillips is a highly artistic baker in Denver who was asked to custom design a cake for a same-sex wedding. Phillips agreed to sell a cake, but declined to do a custom design citing his deeply held religious beliefs that marriage is between a man and woman.
The State of Colorado then decided to try to drive Phillips from business with one government official even comparing him to Nazis participating in the holocaust.
This case is somewhat unique in that Philips was willing to reach a reasonable accommodation with the same-sex couple. He was willing to provide a cake. But Phillips was unwilling to use his artistic talents to promote same-sex marriage through his designs. That was not enough to placate the couple or Colorado.
Phillips is petitioning the Supreme Court for redress and the Trump Administration is siding with him. The Department of Justice, in a filing with the Supreme Court, is arguing that under the First Amendment no one can be compelled to use their expressive talents to support a position they disagree with.