How student loan debt can ruin your life and why you should care.

Think the issue of student loan debt doesn’t affect you because you don’t owe any? Here’s why you’re wrong.

Today’s Washington Post profiles the plight of a poor single mother strangled with student loan debt. (\_story.html?tid=sm\_fb&utm\_term=.f3bacb1174f8) It’s not a bad piece. And it highlights a growing problem in our country. But what interested me as I read it is what the WaPo omitted from this profile.

Our struggling heroine is named Sarah. She’s a 31 year old single mom who works as a children’s librarian and owes $69,000 in student loans.

Your first thought is probably “well, if she hadn’t had a baby out of wedlock, she wouldn’t be in this situation.” Which is correct but besides the point because there are plenty of young Americans in debt that AREN’T single parents.

The article states that her $69,000 debt is over twice her annual income. That means she’s earning less than $34,500 a year. That’s not much especially in the Washington, DC area. Sarah decided at the age of 25 to try and better her prospects (good for her) and chose to go back to school (which a lot of young people in her situation would) to acquire a master’s degree. She enrolled in a local college in hopes of becoming a teacher.

Now, I just did a quick Google search to run some numbers.
Starting teachers pay in this young woman’s town is around $40,000 a year ($42K if you have a masters.). That’s not great, but it’s probably way more than she was making at the yarn factory and working as a barista. She graduated from Mary Baldwin College, which charges $30,000 a year for tuition alone. The school clearly fronted her some additional financial aid here, or she would have graduated owing a lot more, but she owed $60,000. Colleges tell students this is an “investment” in your future worth making for the additional income.

Now, if you’re over 50 (or good at math) you probably see what’s
wrong with that thinking immediately. If you’re EARNING $40,000 a year, you’re only taking home $33,000 (give or take) after taxes, social security, etc. So, you have roughly $2400 a month out of which you must pay rent or mortgage payments, utilities, insurance, groceries and all of life’s other necessities (and that’s
if you DON’T have a small child to provide for.)

Another thing you may have noticed is that she graduated owing $60,000, but after 3 years she now owes $69,000. How did that happen? Did she not pay her bills? Well, yes, she did. Every month. She’s on an income-based repayment plan where she pays $280 a month. Without that she’d be paying $780 a month. This article doesn’t state what the interest rate on her loan is, but clearly, she’s accruing more interest than her monthly payment will cover and that’s why she owes more now than she started out with. Without the income plan, her loan would be $780 a month.

It would be really easy to blame this young woman for her own
problems and just write off her story as “Well, she shouldn’t have borrowed money she can’t pay back.” Which is a valid point. But there are three issues this article didn’t touch on that I would ask you to consider:

First, why the heck does a job with such low pay require a master’s degree? She works for a public library. That’s a government job. And her master’s isn’t even in library science! Just what exactly about her “advanced degree” qualified her for this anyway? If you’re a taxpayer in this town, maybe you need to be asking questions.

Second, does her college bear no responsibility here? They took her money (OK, OUR money since the taxpayers are subsidizing this) knowing what her income prospects were. They gave her a degree in education in preparation for a teaching job that she soon quit. Do they not have an obligation to find out if teaching is the right career for her BEFORE pocketing over $100,000 in
tuition money? What if she had failed to graduate? What if she were unable to find a teaching position? Wouldn’t they owe her a refund (and we all know the answer to that is NO!) Did the financial aid officer sit this young woman down and explain to her what she could expect to earn as a teacher and what her
monthly payments on this loan would be? I can tell you from personal experience that they did not.

Which brings me to my last point: what stupid loan officer
approved her for this? If you walked into a bank at the age of 25 and said “I want to borrow $60,000 for a new car. I have no down payment, no credit history and no job. I won’t be able to make any payments for 4 years, and after that I will only be able to pay you back at the rate of $280 a month.” Do you think there’s a bank in the country that would make such a stupid loan? No, of course not. So, what makes student loans any different.

Well, because the federal government guarantees them. Which
means that you and I and every other tax paying American is on the hook for these debts. Your local school or library gets to hire an employee with a master’s degree without paying a salary commensurate with that level of education. The colleges get to raise tuition rates on an annual basis without fear of losing

And what happens to people like Sarah? How does she ever hope to pay off this massive debt she’s got? Well, once again, she’s depending on the federal government. She’s currently in a loan forgiveness program, and if she continues to work for the government and make her $280 monthly payments for another 7 years, her debt will be “forgiven.” Which actually means “In seven years, US taxpayers will end up paying over $70,000 that this person owes but can’t repay.”

THAT’S why you should care. That’s why the problem of young
people borrowing money they can’t ever hope to pay back is a problem for ALL of us. And it’s a problem that will continue as long as the people profiting off this system don’t have to suffer the consequences.

Every time the government is involved in something, you're going to pay a lot more. One of the reason's higher education costs are so high, it's because college's and universities know they will get their money from you the taxpayer and they just raise the price. Institutions of education would take a burned out bum off the streets, with no chance of success, because they will get their money. The solution, get the government out of the loan business, and you'll find cost will go down and Colleges and Universities will compete for your business.

Just a question that wasn't addressed in this article: Does the child's father contribute to the support of this child? If he does, it should be in the accounting. If he doesn't, why not?

The real questions is: How many jobs actually require someone to have four years of schooling in order to have them knowledgeable in the field in which they are working?
And how much better off would we, as well as the students, be if more colleges were "tech colleges", teaching just the things necessary to do the job the college graduate will be required to do in his field of endeavor? I know, colleges are supposed to teach their students a laundry list of things that will broaden the student's mind, but with all of the information that is available in our world I believe that a student who wants to learn will do so on her/his own. I have known too many people over the course of my lifetime who earned degrees and are working at jobs that any high school graduate can do (I have at least two of them in my extended family). If taxpayers were not being required to pick up the tab for many college graduates it wouldn't matter to me what colleges and college students do, but how many people need and could use the money they are taxed (forced to pay) in order for someone else to go to college?

ekay, that's a good question. More specifically, how many jobs require college degrees as opposed to how many employers are REQUIRING college degrees just because they CAN? There was a story a couple of years back about a McDonald's that wouldn't even hire employees without a degree. YOU DON'T NEED A DEGREE TO FLIP BURGERS! But because unemployment was so high, they could make that a requirement and still get applicants. So, degrees have become simultaneously mandatory and useless. Does the actual degree contribute in any way to the employee's ability to do the job? In the vast majority of cases, it does not. Have employer's started requiring degrees just because they can? Absolutely.

mreda, the article did mention that she was not getting any support from her baby daddy, but did not state a reason why. Too many young women seem to have just accepted that the father's won't contribute and they don't have the resources to pursue it or they're just too worn out from life to try. Which is a huge problem for our society in general but that's a different rant for a different day. Even if this particular woman wasn't a single mom, she'd still be 30 years old with a low paying job and a debt she has no means to repay. EVER.

mlw64 - Just curious, but how old are you? When I was in school, in state tuition was less than $2K a year and was certainly affordable working a part time job. But I doubt many people could earn enough to pay a $30K a year tuition working FULL time, much less part time while going to school (and pay other expenses on top of that.) The student loan process allows students to borrow enough for living expenses so that they don't have to worry about working while in school, just like this woman did. Of course the problem is that just adds to the amount that must be paid back later.

Government backed loans. Remedial classes. No ability to challenge classes for credit. Loan officers employees of institution. What happened to work study programs? Trade schools down played. Classes that have no connection to major. Gender and race skills don't deal with skills. Many are trained for few high positions. Guest workers working for less, and/or more experience.. The deterioration of education at the lower levels. The public has been suckered into every one need a college education. There could be lack of mentioning cost of living by area.

When I went to school - without a loan or a scholarship - 30 years ago, the tuition, board, food and books cost a little over 1K a semester. When our oldest went to college the cost of the same was about $28K at a small, private university, despite several scholarships. Although we had socked away $ from the day he was born, NOTHING prepared us for those costs. What was the difference? The government got into the student loan business. If that isn't a deterrent to allowing the government to dip their hands in our pockets, I don't know what is. And yet... those same students that are on the hook for thousands of dollars believe that more government is the answer... SMH


And let’s remember who expanded this whole ponzi scheme recently: Obama.
I don’t have a lot of sympathy for someone who chooses a $30k a year school to increase her salary by $2k. It’s plain stupid.

There were a lot of bad choices in the making of this situation, and I know there were many I would have never made, but one or two were hers, only, and are sad to see happen. with the government guaranteeing student loans and encouraging "Everyone" to go to college is the first and biggest problem. There are examples, all the time, where someone actually graduating, and not getting that "Dream Job" and having a fit. Then, like you said about her, she has all this debt, and never considered the expected salaries, or was counseled. Yeh, the college has some responsibility in that regard, but they are in the business of taking all the government grandiose they can get their hands on. I'd venture to say only about a fifth of the students in college ever graduate, and they never should have gone. That would make our college and university system more accountable if they were forced to live within a smaller budget, and the government got out of the student loan programs, without much more restrictions.