The Supreme Court will hear arguments in favor of ending the practice of partisan gerrymandering on October 3, 2017. Opponents of the practice are calling for a fairer method of apportioning districts than is currently being used.
"[A] dozen plaintiffs — voters across the state [Wisconsin] — said the evidence laid out in a trial in the Wisconsin case showed that “Republican legislative leaders authorized a secretive and exclusionary mapmaking process aimed at securing for their party a large advantage that would persist no matter what happened in future elections.” In the election held after the new district maps were adopted, Republicans got just 48.6 percent of the statewide vote, but captured a 60-to-39 seat advantage in the State Assembly."
Gerrymandering, the process by which state lawmakers create Congressional districts based on purely political concerns, has become heavily quantified. New software applications allow lawmakers to create districts that both protect incumbents, but also prevent inter-competition from alternate candidates.
It has become such a problem that some worry that it is undermining the guiding principle of American democracy, "one man, one vote".
"There is an enormous paradox at the heart of American democracy. Congress is deeply and stubbornly unpopular. On average, between 10 and 15 percent of Americans approve of Congress – on a par with public support for traffic jams and cockroaches. And yet, in the 2016 election, only eight incumbents – eight out of a body of 435 representatives – were defeated at the polls. If there is one silver bullet that could fix American democracy, it’s getting rid of gerrymandering – the now commonplace practice of drawing electoral districts in a distorted way for partisan gain. It’s also one of a dwindling number of issues that principled citizens – Democrat and Republican – should be able to agree on. Indeed, polls confirm that an overwhelming majority of Americans of all stripes oppose gerrymandering."