Carbon offsets have wide-ranging environmental benefits
You can't grow money on trees, but you can earn money for letting trees grow. Or at least you can through a pioneering California program that allows forest owners around the United States to sell carbon credits to companies ...
Probiotics help poplar trees clean up toxins in Superfund sites
Trees have the ability to capture and remove pollutants from the soil and degrade them through natural processes in the plant. It's a feat of nature companies have used to help clean up polluted sites, though only in small-scale ...
Thieves steal 20 tons of Kinder eggs and Nutella worth 70,000 Euros
A trailer full of chocolate was stolen from the town of Neustadt in Germany. The 20 ton cargo load, which included Kinder eggs, Nutella and other confectionary, was taken by thieves between Saturday evening and Sunday noon.
Geographic and Genetic Population Differentiation of the Amazonian Chocolate Tree (Theobroma cacao L)
Numerous collecting expeditions of Theobroma cacao L. germplasm have been undertaken in Latin-America. However, most of this germplasm has not contributed to cacao improvement because its relationship to cultivated selections was poorly understood. Germplasm labeling errors have impeded breeding and confounded the interpretation of diversity analyses. To improve the understanding of the origin, classification, and population differentiation within the species, 1241 accessions covering a large geographic sampling were genotyped with 106 microsatellite markers. After discarding mislabeled samples, 10 genetic clusters, as opposed to the two genetic groups traditionally recognized within T. cacao, were found by applying Bayesian statistics. This leads us to propose a new classification of the cacao germplasm that will enhance its management. The results also provide new insights into the diversification of Amazon species in general, with the pattern of differentiation of the populations studied supporting the palaeoarches hypothesis of species diversification. The origin of the traditional cacao cultivars is also enlightened in this study.
- The best 50 samples 2017 Edition
The Cocoa of Excellence Programme is the entry point for cocoa-producers to participate in the International Cocoa Awards, a global competition recognizing the work of cocoa farmers and celebrating the diversity of cocoa flavours.