Astronomers Witness Neutron Star Collision: Gold and Heavy Metals Produced

Astronomers claim to have witnessed an extraordinary event for the first time: a collision of two neutron stars. The collision produced gold and other heavy metals ending the decades-old debate about where gold comes from.

Opening a new frontier in science, astronomers witness neutron stars colliding.

The collision of a pair of neutron stars, marked by ripples through the fabric of space-time and a flash brighter than a billion suns, has been witnessed for the first time in the most intensely observed astronomical event to date.

The extraordinary sequence, in which the two ultra-dense stars spiralled inwards, violently collided and, in all likelihood, immediately collapsed into a black hole, was first picked up by the US-based Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (Ligo).

As its twin detectors, in Louisiana and Washington state, picked up tremors in space-time that had spilled out from the merger 1.3m light years away, an alert went out to astronomers across the globe. Within hours, 70 space- and ground-based telescopes swiveled to observe the red-tinged afterglow, making it the first cosmic event to be “seen” in both gravitational waves and light.

Dave Reitze, executive director of Ligo, said: “What is amazing about this discovery is it is the first time we’ve got a full picture of one of the most violent, cataclysmic events in the universe. This is the most intense observational campaign there has ever been.”

As the stars collided, they emitted an intense beam of gamma rays and the sky was showered with heavy elements, resolving a decades-old debate about where gold and platinum come from.

“Neutron stars are at this sweet spot between a star and a black hole,” said Prof Andreas Freise, a Ligo project scientist at the University of Birmingham. “When two of them collide, we expect them to immediately collapse into a black hole, leaving behind a bit of dust and stuff.”

Previously, scientists had speculated that the sheer force of neutron star collisions would be enough to force extra neutrons into the nuclei of atoms, forging heavy elements like gold and platinum, but until now this idea was purely theoretical.

“People have been looking for that forever,” said Freise.

“This is the first real confirmation that heavy elements such as gold, platinum, and uranium are either solely or predominantly produced in binary neutron star collisions,” said Reitze. “The wedding band on your finger or the gold watch you’re wearing was most likely produced a billion years ago by two neutron stars colliding. That’s pretty cool.”

When Neutron Stars Collide

There is much more in the article. Inquiring minds will want to give it a closer look.

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Your Wedding Ring

Gold vs. Bitcoin vs. Fiat

  • Gold comes from neutron star collisions.
  • Cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin come from "mining algorithms". There is an infinite supply of cryptocurrencies that can be produced.
  • Fiat comes from nothing at all, enforced by government mandate.
  • For thousands of years, when given a choice and when available, people have always selected gold as currency.

Also consider Bitcoin “Probably Worth Zero” (not my view but it could happen).

Contrary to popular promotion by cryptocurrency advocates, bitcoin is not the new gold. Gold is gold, nothing else.

Mike "Mish" Shedlock

No wonder the price of gold fell below $1,300 an ounce, with all the new supply in the universe.

While the crypto behind Bitcoin is some pretty complex math, I'd venture a guess it's still likely to be broken, before someone finds a cheap way to crash a pair of Neutron stars together in order to print himself some gold...

I thought we could now make gold by mining bitcoin or by creating gold ETFs. Neutron stars seems like a lot of work.

If these scientists wanted to be of any use, and ear their generous subsidies, they should figure out why the stock market keeps going up despite missing fundamentals because I am not buying this magic Donald stuff.

If I understand this correctly this event is now being detected here but it happened 1.3 million light years ago? I would think not much of the gold is left so the price will go back up tomorrow.

Barbarous!

It happened 1.3 million years ago - "light years" is a distance, not a time

Actually, reading the article, it was 130 million light years away. Scientists calculate that 200 Earth masses of pure gold was created, and 500 Earth masses of platinum! - wow

Animals were the primary source of transportation for man for thousands of years...until they weren't. What happened? Technology. Something better was invented. Gold scores poorly in the "portability" and "fungibility" requirements of money and always has. It's difficult to make exact change with gold. It's difficult to assess the purity of it. It can be counterfeited because tungsten has nearly the same density. Currencies were invented because gold functions so poorly as spending money. Gold cannot be transferred electronically without being converted to a currency first. Cryptocurrencies overcome all these shortcomings.

Gold was created during the collision, but it doesn't prove it's the only way to produce gold. There are likely other celestial events that also produce gold.

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