Title: Prevalence of Eating Disorders in Elite Athletes is Higher Than in the General Population
Publication: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 14, no. 1 (2004): 25-32.
Author: Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen and Monica Klungland Torstveit
Eating disorders are a significant issue for female athletes. Over the last 20 years, there has been a growing interest in the challenges of female athletes, with a focus on body image issues and disordered eating. Studies show that female athletes are more likely to exhibit disordered eating behaviors (about 13.5%) than are non-athlete females (about 4.6%). Female athletes are also more likely to show these symptoms than are male athletes. Within the female athlete population, rates of eating disorders differ based on sport type. Those in aesthetic sports (such as gymnastics, dancing, figure skating, diving, etc.)
have the highest rates of eating disorders at 42%. Those in endurance sports
(such as running) and technical sports also have relatively high rates, at 24%
and 17%, respectively.